A breed of chicken originating in the English county of Derbyshire, this chicken got its name from its unusually large Rose-type comb. It is covered in small, fleshy points, and has a distinct spike pointing backwards called a "leader". It is considered that this breed was developed from a variety of breeds including the Hamburg and Old English Pheasant Fowl. Males weigh 7.5 lbs and females 6 lbs. Redcap chickens were admitted to the American Poultry Association as a standard breed in 1888.
The redcap chickens have red plumage tipped with a blue-black, half-moon shaped spangle and leaden blue colored legs. Combs, wattles and earlobes are all ideally bright red. Beaks are horn-colored. There is only a single variety of plumage, with various dark shades of red, brown and black. Both males and females have black tails and a crescent shape of black on the edge of most body feathers. The combs of the females are about half the size of the males’ combs.
Chickens need to receive the correct nutrients, vitamins and minerals in their diet to stay healthy and productive. The 3/8-inch regulator disc from PECk-O-MATIC Automatic Chicken Feeder can be used when crumble or milo constitutes the feed. If feeding corn, the 1-inch regulator disc can be used. The opening ensures the easy flow of feed. It is wide enough to regulate the flow and it does not clog up the feed.
Redcaps are good egg layers. They lay around 150-200 large white eggs per year. It is an interesting fact that though redcaps lay white eggs, they have red earlobes. Most breeds that lay white eggs have white earlobes. They are hardy birds. Before 1870, this breed was very popular in the US. Now, they are listed as Critical on the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy watch list.